The diamond is world-famous for its special fire, its brilliance and sparkle: it is one of the most popular gems and an absolute classic in the world of jewelry.

Argyle champagne diamond

“Diamond” comes from the Greek word “adamas”, which means “invincible” and emphasizes the particular hardness of this gemstone.

Chemical composition of the diamond

The diamond is made of crystalline carbon. Color-causing trace elements cannot penetrate into the gemstone due to the compact atomic structure, but in addition to the popular white variety, there are also colorful Wholesale Engagement Rings diamonds. Boron, hydrogen, nitrogen or anomalies in the crystal structure (color centers) evoke the colors of the so-called “fancy diamonds”. Naturally colored diamonds are rather rare in nature; many copies are color-treated.


The diamond was traditionally from the year 800 BC. Mined in India in 1725, crude gems were first discovered in 1725 in another source: Brazil. Finally, new diamond sources were found in Russia and Canada. At present, about sixty-five percent of the diamonds come from African countries.

Trade in the so-called “blood diamonds” (diamonds that are mined, smuggled and sold in a war zone, mostly illegally, to finance the fighting) is countered by state certificates of origin. This United Nations-sponsored “Kimberley Process” aims to stop the trade in blood diamonds through a government regulatory system approved by more than forty countries in 2000. Only the countries participating in this scheme may export rough diamonds, exclusively to other partner countries.

History of the diamond

Diamonds possess a series of mythological and esoteric attributions: Greek philosophers believed that heavenly spirits lived in diamonds; the Romans considered diamonds to be the tears of the gods or splinters of stars fallen to earth. In Hinduism, it was believed that diamonds were created by the clash of rock and lightning. According to Jewish tradition, a diamond aimed at a guilty person turns dark. On the other hand, the brilliance of a diamond aimed at an innocent intensifies. From the middle Ages to the Renaissance, these gemstones were attributed with a series of esoteric effects which were to facilitate the labors of life. They allegedly bestowed courage and valor, invincibility, strength and virtue, chased away nightmares and evil spirits, tamed wild animals, protected the house from fire and even reassured the mentally ill.

At times, the diamond was available only limited, since Ludwig IX. France (1214-1270) stated that diamonds were reserved exclusively for the royal family. – It was not until the 15th century that these gems slowly found their way to the “simple” people.

Characteristics of the diamonds

The diamond is the hardest known naturally occurring material of all, it has a dazzling brilliance (reflection of the white light, which is affected by the cut, the color, transparency and fluorescence), a fantastic fire (the ability to dissect light into its spectral colors) and a glittering sparkle (play of light). These popular characteristics of the diamond are especially evident in the brilliant cut. (The default number of facets is 57 or 58, if you count the vial). Especially tuned to the typical characteristics of a diamond, the brilliant Marquise Cut Diamond is now also used in many other gemstones. Several people participated in the development of this cut, including Vincenzio Perruzzi (Venetian grinder of the 18th century), Henry Morse (who opened the first diamond grinding mill on American soil in Boston in 1860), and Marcel Tolkowsky (a member of a large and powerful diamond dynasty who had the necessary power Cuts calculated for the ideal brilliant cut and published in 1919).

Diamond varieties

In addition to the well-known colorless (also called “white”) diamond, there are also colored specimens (Fancy Diamonds), which can be yellow, blue, brown, red or black, for example. The assessment of the color and purity of a diamond was unified by the Color and Purity Scale of the Gemological Institute of America (GIA).