The heart of their location is Makassar, the capital city of the state of South Sulawesi. The Makassar also live from the Konjo highlands, the shore Selayar and Spermo islands. They speak the language of Makassar which has 3 dialects Gowa: Turatea, MarosPangkep. The Makasar language a part of a larger linguistic grouping known as the Makasar which additionally comprises the KonjoPesisir, KonjoPegunungan, Selayar, Bentong and Selayar. What Are Their Lives Like? The primary income source among the Makassar is rice farming, but they are also well known in Indonesia to their capacity in trading and as fishermen.
Their homes are constructed on stilts two meters above ground. Makassar dwellings in plains and beach areas are close to each other and people from the mountains have been spread out. The fishermen living on the beaches construct their houses in rows facing the ocean or the main road. Villages like these are famous kampungpajjaku. Farmers construct their houses around the fields and therefore are known as kampungpamarri. Each village usually has a center which formerly was considered a sacred place, marked with a tree. Division of labor among the Makassar is rigorous due to the rigid separation of the genders.
Men are responsible for issues outside the home like farming, working the plows and carrying rice packets after the harvest. The family responsibilities are delegated to girls. The family structure is headed by a guy. The spouse and children must show respect to the head of the family while they are in public. Final decisions about the family is obviously the husband’s responsibility. In rural locations, unions continue to be arranged by the parents or close relatives. Communication between the potential bride and groom is prohibited. Polygamy is accepted, however it is only practiced among the rich since a separate home has to be supplied for each wife.
Siri is the social code by which the Makassar reside. Anyone seriously offending another person’s siri conducts the opportunity of being killed and the authorities will often refuse to get involved. The Makassar often work with their neighbors on issues of common interest, this type of building houses and working at the rice fields. They also gather for moments of celebration, such as weddings and birthdays. The Makassars are practically all Muslims.
Nevertheless, traditional beliefs continue to be influential, especially in the remote areas. They maintain beliefs in gods and ancestral spirits, providing ritual offerings at the essential way. They believe the ancestral spirits have a direct influence on their lives. Special ceremonies are held at the beginning of the planting and harvest seasons. What Are Their Needs? Presently, the Makassar demand training to increase their agricultural production. Medical personnel and nutritional supplements are also essential since the nutrition is a common problem for all those residing in rural areas.
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